Saturday, January 18, 2020

Nursing. Nurse know thyself Essay

Nursing is a rewarding, exciting and sometimes challenging career. Nursing is not limited to simply changing bandages, giving shots and offering of support. In fact, the role of a nurse is ‘protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering thought the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in care of individuals, families, communities, and populations’ (American Nurses Association [ANA], 2010, p. 1). Sometimes, having a passion to serve others just isn’t enough to make it in nursing. In order to be an effective caregiver to a patient, the nurse must treat the patient as a whole. This means building trust between the patient and the nurse, therefore, promoting healing and a sense of peace. A nurse does this by following a code of ethics. Ethics gives the nurse a framework for making ‘logical and consistent decisions’ (Burhardt & Nathaniel, 2008, p. 29). Although, ethics offers a guideline, it does not tell us what we should do; nurses must decide that on an individual basis. Ethics is having the ability to make wrong or right decisions based on our own morals. Morals and values are fundamental beliefs that are acquired from childhood throughout adulthood. Everyone is shaped according to their own spiritual, cultural and individual values that were instilled at a young age. These values and morals are the things that help nurses make ethical decisions, therefore it is critical that we evaluate our own values and morals. Because we, as nurses, are asked to question our own values and morals it is important to examine where we stand in our own spirituality. Thus, it is important to know thyself. Socrates believed that if you do not know yourself, or seek to know yourself, then you know nothing. Knowing where you stand on a lot of ‘hot topics’ makes it easier to stand behind your patient on their decision and therefore, you are able to be supportive of these decisions. Ethics is an area that challenges me on a daily basis. There is two important theories that are important to nursing: utilitarianism and deontology. Utilitarianism ‘is the moral theory that holds that an action is judged as good or bad in relation to the consequence, outcome, or end result that is derived from’ (Burhardt &  Nathaniel, 2008, p. 33). Utilitarianism uses the thought of the greatest good for the largest number of people. Utilitarianism is a helpful theory in situations when you feel the rights of the patient are being ignored. Whereas, the deontological theory states ‘no action can be judged as right which cannot reasonably become a strict law’ (Burhardt & Nathaniel, 2008, p. 39). Although these processes have both advantages and disadvantages, I would tend to use a more situational approach. I believe that having a situational approach favors autonomy of the patient. Using this approach, I feel that I can help the patient make an informed individual decision regarding their healthcare, whether it be based on religious beliefs, personal reasons or simply that it is in their best interest. Working in an area of maternal/fetal cardiology, it can be difficult at times to separate my own believes to that of which is the best outcome for both mother and baby. It seems that almost on a weekly basis the cardiologist is handing down a diagnosis that leaves the family to ponder the decision of ‘do we have what it takes to handle a very sick, complicated child?’ Sometimes these parents are faced with the reality of do they continue along the path of pregnancy or do they stop where they are, and try again in the future. It is a reality that unfortunately many families are left with, as sometimes the babies are given a very grave outcome. It is a very true fact in my own heart that God only deals you the deck that you are able to handle, but when faced with the financial uncertainty, and the uncertainty of the child’s future, sometimes very difficult decisions need to be made. As their nurse it is my responsibility to back the physician with aiding the family in seeing all their options regardless if they fit into my own values. Being able to step back and provide unbiased care to my families is a small part of what my nursing is all about. Being able to do so helps to build a strong relationship between myself and my patients. Along with following an ethical framework in nursing, one must follow a scope of practice. Such guidelines shape the responsibility of the professional nursing organization and serve to protect the public. The American Nurses Association (ANA) helps to paint the picture of how the nurse should practice, whereas the Ohio Board of Nursing (OBN) sets the limits of practice that the nurse must work within, serving to protect not only the public but the nurse herself. As a nurse, I strive to be both clinically competent in my delivery of care,  being aware of the constant challenges and educationally competent. I try to set aside time to attend a weekly grand rounds meeting, where additional education is provided. This allows me to stay current and up to date on effective treatment options, new medications, research findings and team collaboration for optimal patient outcomes. In addition, completing required competencies, I am a member of the Society of Pediatric Cardiovascular Nurses (SPCN) which also strengthens my knowledge and skill in providing the best evidence based practice to my patients and their families. Attending meetings and conferences also helps to build my level of education and knowledge base. Education is critical in the nursing profession, being a lifelong learner is important to keep up with the ebb and flow of nursing practice. ‘Lifelong learning is an essential ingredient for ensuring high quality of patient care’ (Gopee, 2002, p. 608). If you were to trace nursing back to the original roots we continue to provide the most basic of needs to our patients; this is knowing that someone cares for them (Vance). I feel that I provide a level of compassionate care to my patients and their families. I understand that their needs will change depending on their health as well as their environment. My greatest joy comes from helping the patients effectively respond to their health care needs regardless of which stage of life they may most currently be in. In my opinion, the main focus of nursing, comes down to respecting, guiding, providing information, to clients who is the past had the perception of nurses as simply being the people who provided medications, and treatments. The future is bright in the nursing field as we stride for a respectful place as a profession in the health care system. References American Nurses Association. (2010). Scope of Nursing Practice. In Nursing (2nd ed., pp. 1-30). Silver Spring, Maryland: Nursebooks. Burhardt, M. A., & Nathaniel, A. K. (2008). Ethics & issues (3rd ed.). Canada: Delmar learning. Gopee, N. (2002, December). Human and social capital as facilitators of lifelong learning in nursing. Nurse Education Today, 22, 608-616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0260-6917(02)00139-9 Vance, T. Caring and the Professional Practice of Nursing. Journal of Nursing. Retrieved from http://rnjournal.com/journal-of-nursing/caring-and-the-professional-practice-of-nursing

Friday, January 10, 2020

Extrinsic vs Intristic

There are many approaches that stem from motivation these come in the form of environmental factors, psychological bases of motivation as well as a biological factor. Motivation is a factor that lies within each individual both intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic is the motivation where the basis comes from a psychological perspective. Intrinsic motivation is when an individual takes on a task when the pay-off or reward is internal.Extrinsic on the other hand is where an individual carries out a task and is forced or driven by and external factor this may example this may be the drive for a person to carry out a task where the individual may receive a promotion in their place of employment. Individuals from the moment they are born are programmed with instincts. From the moment an infant is born they are programmed to cry when they are in need of something for instance the need to be fed this in a biological approach to motivation.Needs and drives are also a benefactor to motivation. Individuals have the need to rid of waste, for food to satisfy hunger, also for water for the relief of thirst and also an individual’s need to avoid pain. Environmental factors have been found to also contribute to motivation as well as an individual’s behaviour. In today’s society it has shown that an individual’s performance at work and their motivation has been a major benefactor (www. businessperformance. com). There are also cultural and social bases for motivation.Some individuals social needs regarding motivation can over write the biological bases for motivation example an individual who diets from a social perspective that need to achieve for what they seem to be perfect in society can over write the need for biological need for instance food in that particular case. Power motivation is also a benefactor in certain individuals. This may come in the form of an individual wanting to somehow control the outcome of a certain situation using the forc e of power.Winter (1991) states â€Å"The need for power involves the desire to tell others what to do and to use rewards or punishment to control the behaviours of others† (winter 1991, as cited in Bourne and Russo 1998). A household may experience this if a child is told to carry out a duty or chore in one case where a reward is offered the chore will be carried out in a greater manner than if the chore had not had a payoff or a reward is not offered.Motivation is an individual’s driving state or force. Motivation can also affect an individual’s state of arousal. Arousal comes in many forms this may range from an individual feeling anxiety, stress or motivation. Individuals may think that anxiety may be a negative but in cases this can be a driving force for an individual to complete certain tasks or duties and may also result and the amount of input and motivation used in that particular situation.Every individual at some point in their life will feel anxiety in a task for instance an example an individual with a mortgage if there was no arousal felt that mortgage may not be paid so motivation is a benefactor in situations like the example just shown. As human being we a need to form relationships and friendships with the people around us this is also a benefactor of motivation.With these relationships and friendship we are driven by motivation to fulfil the need and sensation of belonging with another person or persons. Individuals have the urge and willingness to succeed and to be the best they can possibly be motivation and emotion plays a big role in the way and individual plans and what steps they take to reach their goals. Not all individuals are the same that is why we are call individuals but in today’s Australian society the need for success and accomplishment is rated somewhat high.There are different incentives behind motivation Bandura explains that there are five different reasons for incentives these being primary i ncentives, this being the incentive of food, secondary incentive is the incentive to complete, plan or carry out new tasks, third is social incentives this is the need for recognition or praise, forth is the monetary incentive which may come in the form of a salary increase and finally activity incentive this incentive may come in the form of time off work.As human beings individuals dislike the feeling of failing or not being able to complete a certain task. All individuals have different driving forces and levels of motivation what one may find important to one person may not be important to another. Individuals use a somewhat standard of excellence to evaluate their status of other individual.A person with a lower drive to succeed or a lower level of motivation is less likely to accomplish what task was set out by that certain individual; people with lower level of motivation will also seek out or take on tasks which they feel that they can master quickly without much difficulty compared to a person who has a high range of motivation who is in more of a position to challenge themselves and face the task at hand and will work hard to accomplish whatever it is that they have set out for themselves or what has been set out before them.There are many theories surrounding motivation one being the push and pull theory, this can simply be broken down. The push theory for instance can be best explained for an individual planning a holiday, the push theory is the actual desire to travel. The pull theory on the other hand is best described to be the force where the attributes of that destination are the benefactor (www. businessperformance. comt). Another theory that was stated by Fredrick Winslow Taylor and this theory are based surrounding people and their place of employment.Fredrick Taylor Winslow states the idea that most individuals are driven and motivated mainly by salary or pay. He also states that generally workers do not certainly or naturally enjoy work a nd close supervision and control of workers from their employers is needed (www. tutor2u. net). Taylor’s theory has been used in a wide variety of work and business places. His theory has been a benefactor in businesses opting for the use of production lines.Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970) put forward his theory which is a pyramid which details five separate stages which focused on an individual’s psychological needs. The bottom or lowest level of the pyramid being the most basic of the psychological this is the need of basic survival; this includes food, water and sex. The next stage is the need and want of safety. This may come in the form of family, an individual’s well-being and health and also a person’s security of employment.The next stage up the pyramid is the relationship, love and belonging as earlier stated as individuals we are built to social creatures and to build friendships and relationships is the motivation to fulfil this particular need. The fourth stage is a person sense of self-esteem. This also includes the respect we have of ourselves and the respect we have of other’s; it is our confidence. The highest point of Marlow’s hierarchy of needs and the top of the pyramid is the ultimate fulfilment.This stage is known as self –actualisation. It is the level that a person realises one self and one’s potential and is the desire or driving force for an individual to become all that they can possibly become. Elton Mayo also put forward another theory, this is the theory that not all individuals regarding the workplace are not only focused on the money but could also be focused by the social need of an individual to be fulfilled in their place of employment.When working in groups together or when a group is given a certain task there are benefactors who may drive a person’s strive for the input of motivation given by a particular person this could be from benefactors from the size o f the group, and an individual’s belief about what other individuals in the group are doing and also the amount of creativity required. If there is a larger group a person’s drive or motivation may not be as strong because the amount of workload can be reduced on a certain individual.Another benefactor is if individuals feel that a peer or peers are not doing their part or doing the best that they can that individual may also not perform to the best of their ability. If the task that is given out requires low level of creativity the motivation may also not be as strong as that if a task requires a higher amount of creativity or input. Bourne and Russo (1998) also explain that motivation and emotion are closely linked. Motivation involves the needs and goals, whilst emotions involve our feelings when expectancies are not fulfilled (ACAP notes week 9).According to Robert Plutchik (1980) there are eight primary emotions these being joy, sadness, acceptance, disgust, fear, anger, surprise and anticipation. These emotions can be combined to produce another certain amount of emotion this may come into the form of a mixture of joy and acceptance can produce love; our relationships and friendships are influenced by emotions. Psychologists have discovered a ways that individuals can improve their amount of motivation so an individual can accomplish personal goals. Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen wrote an article covering the topic.The finding within the article suggested that is to view circumstances from a third person’s perspective rather than that of a person who view issues from a first hand or personal view. Psychologists have found that using the term he or she rather than I can help individuals fulfil their goals and increases the level of motivation a person has for achieving whatever it is that they wish to achieve (www. suite101. com). The subject of improving or strengthening motivation has also shown to be a popular topic with in the work place. Mayo suggests that managers take a greater interest in employees (www. utor2u. net) As individuals we all have the need and want to live a comfortable lifestyle where we are happy and fulfilled but to accomplish this motivation is a major benefactor in the completion of goals or steps that is necessary to be at that stage in life where individuals feel a sense of happiness and completion. If an individual psychologically has the right mind set and motives behind that particular driving force anything is possible.References: ACAP notes weeks 1 – 9 www. businessperformance. com www. businessperformance. com www. tutor2u. net www. suite101. com

Thursday, January 2, 2020

William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet - 1671 Words

Names play an important role in Romeo and Juliet, as names are what define the sides of the feuding families within the play. Not only does Shakespeare name his characters well, but he also uses different methods of naming throughout the play that references back to specific characters. Within Romeo and Juliet, however, Shakespeare’s methods of naming take on a form that indicates language as key and the two lovers are driven back towards the culture of their fictional world of Verona. Shakespeare uses names and naming in the world within the play to demonstrate its importance as the two lovers attempt to defy the linguistic conventions of â€Å"Verona† culture in terms of identity. This defiance of culture indicates that the play is a tragedy†¦show more content†¦Within the first scene, Montague informs the reader of his son’s identity as he â€Å"private in his chamber pens himself† (1.1.133). As Romeo â€Å"pens† himself, the play allude s to the Petrarchan lover and his place within the narrative. Romeo becomes a tragic protagonist, and as a written character, he reflects on his constructed identity in the narrative and culture. Upon first meeting Juliet, their speech consists of a broken sonnet and she describes him as â€Å"kiss[ing] by th’ book† (1.4.222). Juliet’s and Montague’s descriptions, suggest that other characters imprinted with the culture of â€Å"Verona† focused on identifying those on specific sides and direct his identity as a written character towards the Petrarchan narrative as Romeo â€Å"pens† his condition within the narrative of the play. There is a connection to language and the power that words hold, and this remains with the identity of Romeo as well as the power in words that are associated with him. In Act 2 Scene 1, Romeo takes Juliet’s plea for him to reject his name seriously as he states: â€Å"I take thee at thy word./ Call me but â €˜love,’ and I’ll be new baptized:/ Henceforth I never will be Romeo† (2.1.92-94). He rejects his name to take on â€Å"love† and by interrupting Juliet he also breaks the bonds that separate their feuding families. He defies the courtship tradition and transforms Juliet into someone more than just Capulet’s daughter. She is now created by his

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) - 1579 Words

Tavis Daluz-Cates Mrs. Cellini Genetics Period E 5/5/2016 Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder What is it? Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is a disorder that occurs in the brain that results in a lack of attention and an impulse of hyperactivity. This can interfere with the person’s development and functioning. People who suffer from ADHD show patterns of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. In children, ADHD is shown to be more common in boys than in girls. Some studies report a high ratio of boys to girls. The inattentive type of ADHD is found more commonly in girls than in boys. People who have ADHD as children usually maintain the full diagnosis into adulthood. Even if they don t the children will have some residual symptoms of ADHD as adults. Families who have children with ADHD experience much higher anxiety and stress levels than families without. Many children will exhibit signs of ADHD by the age of four. However, most children are not diagnosed until they reaches elementary school. Living with ADHD can put children put at risk for a host of other problems and complications such as, alcohol and other drug abuse, completing their education, and an increased risk for delinquency. There has been been a lot of research on ADHD in recent years and many different types of medications and interventions have proven to be quite helpful or at least lessen the severity of the symptoms. With the properShow MoreRelatedAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1145 Words   |  5 Pages Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? Meghan L. Gonzales National University Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder To Medicate or Not to Medicate with Adderall? The medical world has noticed several changes and improvements during the past century, but maybe none that s as economically rewarding afterward the prescription drug business. New medications turn-up regularRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1162 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is ADHD? â€Å"Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood† (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). ADHD in real terms is the inability to focus. Several people have describe people with ADHD as skirmish, talkative, and have trouble waiting. ADHD has been previously described as ADD (attention deficit disorder) but the only difference is the â€Å"H†. This â€Å"H† describes how this disorder deals with hyperactivityRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1139 Words   |  5 Pagesreasons are simple: Kids get bored easily. This, however, is only mostly true. 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Although Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is growing more and more common among teens and children today, throughRead MoreAttention Deficit / Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1166 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) has become one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders in children and adolescent. â€Å"ADHD is defined as a chronic condition marked by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and sometimes impulsivity.† (Disney, 1999) There is concern about the possible connection between ADHD to substance use and abuse, during childhood and adolescence, since it is such an important developmental stage in life. â€Å"Substance abuse disorder is definedRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )963 Words   |  4 Pages Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Mizeldrick K. Marshall Holmes Community College Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder most commonly diagnosed in children. Children can be diagnosed as early as the age of 7. Boys and girls can be diagnosed with ADHD but this disorder is seen more in the behavior of boys. Adults can also develop symptoms and be diagnosed as well. It was originally called hyperkineticRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1664 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), is a neurobehavioral disorder of the brain. Textbooks typically depict an individual with ADHD as one who is inattentive, highly distractible, unable to contain stimuli, disorganized and exhibits excessive motor activity (Townsend Morgan, 2017, p. 636). It is easy to define a person by their impulsivity; however, it is difficult to try and understand the reasons behind the behavioral patterns that come along with this disorder. Blake TaylorRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay1355 Words   |  6 Pages Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder is a neuro-behavioral disorder typically seen in children. Over the past several years’ attention-deficit hyperactive disorder seems to be on the rise. Since 2011, eleven percent of children ranging from ages four to seventeen were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (Children with ADHD et. Al. 2016). Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder is a difficult disorder to diagnosis, but once the disorder is diagnosed there are ways to manageRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )754 Words   |  4 Pageschildren who are hyperactive. In contrast to Goodman and Scott (1997), I believe hyperactivity does not necessarily occur due to lack of control. 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In this paper I will go over the cause of ADD/ ADHD, the details about what it actually is and how it affects people, when you need to have the child checked for this disorder, and the many signs and symptoms of ADD/ ADHD disorderRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )992 Words   |  4 Pagesmedical ordeal. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder or ADHD is one out of two of the neurobehavioral disorders that inhibits an individual from focusing on one task at a time. According to fusion.nets article What Adderall does to your brain In the US alone roughly 6.4 million kids and 10 million adults suffer from ADHD. Adderall, Concerta, Vyvanse and Ritalin are just a few of the prescription based stimulant amphetamines pharmaceutical companies have made available to help treat ADHD and ADD disorders

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

My Transformation Story - 1353 Words

I grew up as a young man in Lagos Nigeria, learning the values of hard work, contentment, focus and integrity from my mum, who singlehandedly raised I and my two sisters, having lost our dad when she was just twenty eight and just as I neared my third birthday. However, as I grew up, it was discovered that I was a very absentminded and forgetful kid, who secretly hated schooling, but was very vocal, inquisitive, loved to read autobiographies write articles and debate with classmates and teachers and quite surprisingly, I did quite well in elementary School and even was best student in the entrance examination into secondary school. I learnt from childhood that to succeed in life I should study hard, graduate, get a good job and work at†¦show more content†¦On the insistence of a close friend and with the support of my mentor, I returned to Yaba College of Technology and obtained a Higher National Diploma from the same department and graduated top of the class. During the p rogramme, the College closed for a full academic year and I took a job again in a start- up Estate Surveying firm, where I was responsible for major assignments. My mentor advised me to formulate plans for my working years and work towards becoming an entrepreneur eventually. I began to dream of running my own firm someday, but didn’t know how it would happen. As I prepared for graduation, I got a job as a Facility Manager and Project Liaison officer with a construction firm and worked there for three years, serving meritoriously, but the job was not demanding and as I was getting patronage from old friends and even my employers, I started my Property Services Company on the side. In June 2010, my employers decided that they wanted to relocate abroad fulltime and stop operations and since it was sudden, I had nothing to do but to commence running my company fulltime and have become quite successful, overcoming my start- up challenges, growing the company, learning from adversity and providing employment for myself and a few others and most importantly, earning respect and admiration of clients. The most interesting part of my story is that I have served as a major source of motivation to some old classmates and otherShow MoreRelatedJames Baldwin s Short Sonny s Blues And Raymond Carver1132 Words   |  5 PagesJames Baldwin’s sho rt Sonny’s Blues and Raymond Carver short story Cathedral. The main focus of the story is realization. In both stories the main characters are challenged with situations in which they must break free of their judgments. Both characters undergo a transformation and views life through the eyes of another character. What are their transformations and how are they similar, how they are different, and what does the transformation does to the protagonist? Likewise, both protagonists’ areRead MoreMy Abuela Essay785 Words   |  4 PagesMy abuela has always been my second mother, and I didn’t realize how much she meant to me until she was diagnosed with Lymphoma, cancer of the lymph nodes. No one is prepared to watch someone suffer. I certainly wasn’t. It seemed as if I spent a large portion of my sixth-grade year in waiting rooms, anxious to find out if any of the many treatments were working. I knew that hope was going to be an imperative characteristic, and I lost it all on March 1, 2014. The family started to arrive atRead MoreThe Core Elements Of My Research Topic, African American Males On Higher Education1436 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction ï » ¿ In my first memo, I focused on the core elements of my research topic, African-American males in higher education. 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This is mostly strongly shown in the middle of the story where extravagant, knowledgeable language is used to describe how she would have to dress up to eat dinner alone by her older voice, before it slipping into her younger self after the ellipsis, ‘to dress up in one of my Poiret extravaganzas withRead More Raymond Carvers Cathedral Essay1098 Words   |  5 Pagesutilizes his character of the husband, who is also the narrator, in his short story Cathedral. From the beginning of the story the narrator has a negative personality. He lacks compassion, has a narrow mind, is detached emotionally from others, and is jealous of his wifes friendship with a blind man named Robert. He never connects with anyone emotionally until the end of this story. At the beginning of the story the husband is telling of a blind man coming to visit him and his wife. 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Sunday, December 8, 2019

Includes Suggestion By The Project Manager-Myassignmenthelp.Com

Questions: What Is Going On? What Are The Facts? What Are The Issues? Who Is Affected? What Are The Ethical Issues And The Associated Implications? What Can Be Done About It? What Are The Options That May Be Used? Answers: 1.The scenario that has been selected for the case study includes the suggestion by the Project Manager to the Program Director to go ahead with the early launch of the project without the encryption. It has been suggested by the Project Manager on the recommendation of the CEO in order to gain more revenues and business opportunities (Youtube, 2017). 2.The Project Manager is not sure about the implications that the project may have in case of the absence of encryption from the project. Program Director; however, understands that the delivery of the project without encryption may lead to some serious implications such as security attacks and difficulties to the users (Bergold Thomas, 2012). 3.The CEO and the project client have urged to the Project Manager for early launch of the project. The Program Director has informed the manager regarding the issues such as security implications that may emerge (Heeney, 2016). The Manager has recommended that the fixes may be provided in the first security update. However, the delay in the inclusion of encryption can lead to violation of security and may impact the privacy of information (Glover, 2009). 4.Project Manager and his team will be affected as the early launch will lead to the impressive results in the beginning but occurrence of errors will be the accounting and responsibility of the project team. Project client will be affected as the decision to delay the launch may lead to adverse impact on the reputation (Birkholm, 2016).End users will also be affected as their information and data may be put to risk. Character Ethics 5.There are many ethical theories that have been defined and one of such theories is the theory of Character Ethics. As per the principles of this ethical theory, an activity can be termed as ethically correct only when the virtues that are involved are positive and lead to happiness. In this case, the Project Manager is willing to launch the project earlier due to personal benefits and selfish interests as it will provide him with better business opportunities. The Manager is ignoring the implications that his decision may have on the associated parties (Annas, 2014). Therefore, as per the principles of the theory of Character Ethics, the act included in the case study is not justified and is not correct as per the ethical principles. Theory of Consequentialism It is an ethical theory that says that the consequences of a particular activity determine the ethical justification of an activity. If the consequences that come out from an act are positive and cause benefits to all then the act is ethically correct and vice versa. In this case, if the decision is taken to go ahead with the early launch of the project without the encryption included in it, it may have negative consequences. The early launch will lead to the appreciation by the CEO and the project client to the project team and the project manager. However, in case of security implications, the client will get to know that the delivered project was defected and the same will lead to decreased customer trust and poor reputation in the market (Hoeyer, 2012). Since, the consequences that have been observed are negative in nature; the ethical correctness of the act cannot be justified. The act is ethically incorrect as per the theory of Consequentialism. Deontology Ethics This is the ethical theory that says that the act shall be based upon the rules and regulations that are defined in association with it. If the act does not maintain the adherence to the rules and guidelines, then the act cannot be termed as ethically correct (Mandal, Ponnambath, Parija, 2016). The primary rule of any project is to make sure that the customer and business requirements are met. Also, as per the rules of business and professional ethics, it is necessary to ensure that the professional and ethical codes of conduct are also met. There is a clear violation of all of these rules in this case and therefore, the act is ethically incorrect as per the theory of Deontology ethics. 6.The Project Manager must communicate the CEO and the project client regarding an important functionality that is missing which may lead to some of the severe security implications. A meeting shall be held with the Project Manager, Program Director and other project resources regarding the minimal time that may be taken to include encryption in the project (Ehrbar, 2015). 7.The following options may be used in this case: There shall be a revision of the project strategies and schedule to understand the least amount of time that may be taken to include encryption in the project. The Project Manager may seek for additional resources to speed up the tasks in order to fulfill the clients wish to receive the project earlier than the due date. If the time required to complete the project along with the encryption exceeds the earlier due date in all the scenarios, the Project Manager shall clearly communicate the security implications that the project may result in. Also, the plan to deliver the security update in the earliest fix shall also be informed. Conclusion Business ethics and professional code of conduct are the two parameters and necessities that must be reflected in all of the business processes and activities. In the case study, the Project Manager is looking at the immediate results that he will experience in terms of satisfied customer and increased business opportunities. However, in the long run, the decision may prove to be wrong as the project may experience security violations and other adverse results. The project resources must therefore understand that the use of incorrect and unethical practices will always lead to damage and loss. The business activities must be executed with utmost honest and correctness. References Annas, J. (2014). Applying Virtue to Ethics. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/japp.12103/abstract Bergold, J. Thomas, S. (2012). Participatory Research Methods: A Methodological Approach in Motion. Qualitative-research.net. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1801/3334 Birkholm, K. (2016). HYLE 22-1 (2016): The Ethical Judgment: Chemical Psychotropics. Hyle.org. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://www.hyle.org/journal/issues/22-1/birkholm.htm Ehrbar, J. (2015). Ethical Considerations of Genetic Manipulation in Sport. The Sport Journal. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://thesportjournal.org/article/ethical-considerations-of-genetic-manipulation-in-sport/ Glover, J. (2009). Doing  Ethics in Rural Health Care Institutions. Retrieved from https://geiselmed.dartmouth.edu/cfm/resources/ethics/chapter-04.pdf Heeney, C. (2016). An Ethical Moment  in Data Sharing - May 13, 2016. Journals.sagepub.com. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0162243916648220 Hoeyer, K. (2012). Transgressive ethics: Professional work ethics as a perspective on aggressive organ harvesting - Oct 26, 2012. Journals.sagepub.com. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0306312712460341 Mandal, J., Ponnambath, D., Parija, S. (2016). Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4778182/ Youtube. (2017). Scenario 3: Early Launch. YouTube. Retrieved 9 August 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5M7ohdZ6qA

Sunday, December 1, 2019

The study of a panda Essay Example

The study of a panda Paper The panda is black and white, like a bear in shape, but different. Things to remember in the last hour before the exam: Life processes at the cellular level (This is not a revision sheet youve done that by now Its a list of things you might want to remind yourself about 1. Cell parts. Most structures/organelles common to animal and plant cells. [P] = plants only C] Cytoplasm transparent Jelly ? cells activities occur here CLC Cell/plasma membrane regulates movement of materials in/out of cell. SELECTIVELY permeable. Phosphoric belayed. Phosphate heads (hydrophilic) face inside cell/outside cell. Fatty acid tails of lipids (hydrophobic) to interior. Small molecules e. G. Water diffuse through. Larger ones transported via protein channels. 0 Nucleus cell control centre, controls metabolism via enzymes. Contains genetic info DNA. Chromosomes only visible when cell is dividing. Contains nucleolus makes RNA and ribosome. Cell wall [P] protects cell gives strength and support. Is permeable and made of cellulose. Controls turgidity (can resist high internal pressures without stretching). 0 Chloroplasts [P] site of photosynthesis, contain chlorophyll green light-trapping pigment. Elongated shape maximizes S. A. To volume ratio, Increasing uptake of CO and H2O uptake and output of 02 and glucose (photosynthetic capacity). Chlorophyll molecules embedded In grand (stacks of ethylated membrane) more S. A. More chlorophyll = Max. Amount of light captured = more photosynthesis. Surrounded by stoma enzymes and water. 0 Large (central) vacuole [P] large and permanent structure containing cell sap (salts, sugars, amino acids). Salts in sap produce strong tendency for water to enter cell (by osmosis) keeping cell turgid. We will write a custom essay sample on The study of a panda specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The study of a panda specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The study of a panda specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Vacuole displaces cytoplasm to edges of cell meaning chloroplasts are close to CO and light. Also short gas diffusion distances. 0 Mitochondria site of aerobic respiration. Enzymes attached to Cristal (membranes folded to Increase the S. A. = greater # of enzymes) produce ATOP (adenosine troposphere). Occur In high numbers In cells with large energy needs e. G. Sperm muscle cells. 0 Googol flat disc shaped sacs modify and package proteins C] ERE: Rough has bound ribosome (site of protein synthesis) makes proteins and transports proteins to Googol. Smooth has free ribosome makes steroids, lipids and hormones 2. Specialized cells perform specialized functions in multicultural organisms. Examples include: 0 Guard cells form stoma (small opening in epidermis) when turgid. Turgid = crescent moon shaped, flaccid = oval shape. Thick inner walls help them open/close stoma. Allow CO and 02 in and out. Also main route of H2O loss via transpiration. Swelling of vacuole controls opening/closing. Contain chloroplasts. 0 Palisade cells long, thin column shaped cells many can fit close together. Contain MANY chloroplasts. Cells arranged vertically so light passes through less cell walls to cells beneath. 0 Spongy mesosphere (beneath palisade layer) has more rounded not so tightly packed cells. Large Intracellular alarm spaces maximizes diffusion rate of gases during photosynthesis. (CO In 02 out). CLC Root hair cells Long and thin extension at one end with thin cell to vastly increase S. A. For absorbing small BIOLOGY Dont forget to throw this away DO NOT take it into the exam by mistake We dont want you disqualified by mistake 3. Movement. Three main mechanisms. Diffusion: Movement of substances from high concentration to low concentration along a concentration gradient which exists until diffused substance is evenly distributed. Passive movement. E. G: CO diffusing in / 02 out of leaf (through tomato). Note: can occur Just in solutions, as well as across membranes. 0 Osmosis: Movement of H2O from high concentration of H2O to a low con. Of H2O water through semi/selectively permeable membrane ( from a more dill. Solution to a more con. Solution). Passive movement. E. G. Absorbing water through plant roots, kidney tubules reabsorbing water. Active transport: Movement from a low con. To a high con. Energy is required. E. G. Absorption of MGM by roots, glucose uptake in intestines. 4. Enzymes. Protein molecules acts as biological catalysts increase rate of reactions. Substrate = molecule the enzyme acts. Increase in substrate concentration = increase in rate up to a maximum. Enzymes are specific have AD shape with unique active site only work on a particular substrate. Function best in particular conditions e. G. An optimum temperature and optimal PH. (function poorly outside these). At very low temperatures, enzyme action slow; as temp. Increases reaction rate increases (more collisions/time) BUT at high temperatures enzyme is denatured (peptide chains unravel active site is lost enzyme is permanently inactive). CIO every ICC rise enzyme activity approve.. Doubles. Co-enzymes complete the active tit essential to enzyme action. Inhibitors (poisons) combine with active site to prevent enzyme function. 5. Photosynthesis. Needs CO via stomata, H2O via roots and xylem, sunlight and chlorophyll. CHIC + AH 0 C6H1206 + 602. Sunlight needed as source of (solar) energy. Rate affected by light: more light = more photosynthesis up to point where plant is at Max. Photosynthesis level any increase in light intensity wont affect the plant further. Rate at midday >early morning [evening. No photosynthesis at night. Rate in summer > winter. Temperature affects rate. 6. (Aerobic) Respiration. C6H1206 602 0 CHIC + AH. Breakdown of glucose occurs in 2 steps glycoside in cytoplasm, then Krebs/citric acid cycle in the matrix of the mitochondria and electron transport system on Cristal of mitochondria. Energy from food (from breakdown of glucose and fatty acids) converts ADAPT + P 0 ATOP. ATOP = the energy carrier / energy in a usable form. ATOP is broken down elsewhere to ADAPT + P releasing useful energy for cellular work. 7. Cell division. 0 A cell cycles between periods of cell division, growth, normal activity (enterprise) and back to division. DNA replication occurs DNA makes exact copy of itself prior to ell division so there is a full set of genetic information available in each cell after division then preparation for mitosis then mitosis. The cycle repeats. DNA contains code for synthesis of proteins in its base sequences. All cells need the code to synthesis essential proteins for the cell to grow and carry out its role. DNA must replicate accurately so all new cells have a complete copy of the code. 0 Key steps. DNA helix unwinds, two strands unzip between bases, new nucleotides Join to the enzymes. Base pairing (A-T and C-G) essential provides mechanism accurately making two identical DNA molecules.